What is Microsurgery?Microsurgery is surgery performed under a microscope on the very smallest structures of the body. Miniature instruments are used to surgically repair tiny blood vessels and nerves that can be smaller than 1 millimeter in diameter. Microsurgery is important because it allows the transfer of living tissue from one place in the body to another. After a piece of skin or muscle is moved, nerves can be reconnected, and a blood supply can be restored. Because microsurgery is so useful in tissue transfers, it is most often used for plastic and reconstructive surgery, including reattaching amputated limbs or placing grafts of tissue. It may also be used on tiny, delicate parts of the body, such as the eye or inner ear.
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