A general surgeon is a specialist who performs many different kinds of operations, with a focus on those located in the chest and abdomen. General surgeons have specific knowledge about anatomy, surgical techniques, and wound care that allows them to excel at a wide variety of procedures.
While a general surgeon can perform many different kinds of operations, there are a few types that are most common in general surgery. They include:
Mastectomies and breast cancer removal
Laparoscopic abdominal surgery, including hernia repairs and weight loss surgery
Colorectal surgery to treat conditions such as intestinal polyps or Crohn's disease
Abdominal transplants, such as kidney transplants or liver transplants
Emergency surgery, performing all different kinds of needed surgery in an emergency department
A general surgery residency requires the doctor to have direct experience in ten widely different areas, including abdominal procedures, pediatric surgery, removing cancer, and repairing trauma. General surgeons have the ability to examine patients, perform biopsies, and plan care. They can prescribe antibiotics and pain medication and manage complications. They are operation experts, from diagnosis through recovery.