We found 39 providers with an interest in chemotherapy near Madison, WI.
gynecologic oncologists (12), adult hematologists (42), adult oncologists (59), hematologists (57)?
What is Hematology?Hematology is a medical specialty that focuses on diseases of the blood, bone marrow, and lymphatic system. Blood flows to every cell in our body and is extremely important to our survival. Problems with the production of blood cells or cancers that affect the blood can be very dangerous. Hematologists treat these and other diseases, such as:
- Anemia, a low level of red blood cells
- Low levels of white blood cells or platelets
- Bleeding disorders, such as hemophilia
- Clotting disorders, such as deep vein thrombosis
- Cancers of the blood, such as leukemia and lymphoma
What is Oncology?An oncologist is a physician who is concerned with the treatment of tumors and cancers. Cancer is when cells in the human body grow in an abnormal or out-of-control way. The goal of oncology is to cure a patient's cancer, or, if the cancer is incurable, to control the cancer and reduce the symptoms for as long as possible. Oncologists have several roles in their interaction with patients. They diagnose cancer and determine what stage the cancer is in, or to what extent the cancer has grown. They explain the diagnosis and stage to the patient, and they recommend treatment and deliver care. During treatment, oncologists are responsible for maintaining quality of life for their patients by reducing pain and side effects from medications. There are three main types of oncologists:
- Medical Oncologists specialize in the use of medications, especially chemotherapy, to kill cancer cells. In some areas, the term 'medical oncologist' refers to the oncologist who is overall in charge of making decisions about a patient's treatment.
- Surgical Oncologists specialize in surgical treatments for cancer, such as biopsies (where small tissue samples are taken and examined), or surgical removal of tumors and surrounding tissue.
- Radiation Oncologists specialize in the use of radiation (a kind of high powered x-ray) to kill cancer.
What is Chemotherapy?
Chemotherapy is the use of powerful medicines to treat cancer and autoimmune diseases, like lupus and rheumatoid arthritis. There are over 100 anti-cancer drugs available today. These medications may be used alone, in combination with each other, or with alternative forms of treatment, like radiation therapy and surgery. The choice of drug and method of administration are determined by the type of disease and the patient's overall health. Some common ways chemotherapy may be given are:
- Intravenously, where the medication is given through a needle inserted into your vein. This is the most frequently used method of chemotherapy administration.
- By mouth, in tablet, capsule, or liquid form. Not all anti-cancer drugs can be taken this way because they can be destroyed by stomach acids, or the body cannot absorb them through the lining of the stomach and intestines.
- By injection, which uses a needle and syringe to administer chemotherapy either subcutaneously or intramuscularly. Subcutaneous injections go just under the skin, while intramuscular injections go through the skin and into the muscle. Methotrexate, a medication widely used to treat rheumatoid arthritis and many types of cancer, can be given intramuscularly and subcutaneously.
- Intra-arterially, where the drugs are given directly into the artery that supplies blood to the tumor. Intra-arterial chemotherapy is most often used for liver cancer.
- Intrathecally, where the medication is delivered into the spinal fluid. This type of chemotherapy is used to treat cancers that have spread to the brain or spinal cord.
- Intrapleurally, where anti-cancer drugs are administered into the space between the lung’s outer surface and the inner lining of the chest cavity. Patients with lung cancer may receive this type of chemotherapy.
- Intravesically, where the medicine is given through a tube that is inserted into the bladder. Intravesical chemotherapy only affects the cells lining the inside of the bladder, so it is often used to treat early-stage bladder cancer.
Chemotherapy is a powerful treatment for cancer and some autoimmune disorders, but it may not be able to eliminate the diseases at their advanced stages. Even if this is the case, your doctor may still include it in your treatment plan to help ease symptoms of your condition or prevent the disease from progressing.