We found 72 providers with an interest in hip replacement near Jersey City, NJ.
orthopedic reconstructive surgeons (22)?
What is Adult Orthopedic Reconstructive Surgery?
Adult orthopedic reconstructive surgery is the medical specialty devoted to the surgical care or replacement of damaged joints in adults. Most commonly, this care focuses on the hip and knee, but it can also be used to treat joints such as the shoulder or ankle. Some adult orthopedic reconstructive surgeons specialize on only one part of the body, such as the hip.
The most common cause of joint damage treated by adult orthopedic reconstructive surgeon is arthritis. Other joint issues often seen involve cartilage and ligament tears, autoimmune disorders, and orthopedic complications due to diabetes or cancer.
Some of the procedures that may be performed by an adult orthopedic reconstructive surgeon include:
- Joint replacement, also known as arthroplasty
- Meniscal repair, fixing a torn piece of cartilage in the knee
- Osteotomy, surgery to shorten, lengthen, or straighten a bone
- Arthroscopy, a kind of minimally invasive joint surgery using a hollow tube called an endoscope
- Resurfacing bones to improve the function of a joint
Even if a bone or joint is damaged, adult orthopedic reconstructive surgeons may have medical treatments available that can help patients avoid or delay surgery. Whether treatment is medical or surgical, their end goal is to help patients move freely and comfortably.
What is Orthopedic Surgery?
Orthopedic surgeons, sometimes just called orthopedists, are surgical doctors of the musculoskeletal system. They work to keep your body active and in motion by treating problems with your bones, joints, tendons and muscles. The most frequently treated disorder seen by orthopedic surgeons is osteoarthritis, a common 'wear-and-tear' problem where the cartilage that cushions the ends of the bones wears down, causing friction and pain. Orthopedic surgeons might also see patients for bone and joint deformities, amputation, infections of the bone and joint, overuse injuries, or nerve compression.
Orthopedic surgeons can order tests such as blood work and x-rays to get a clearer picture of the issue. Depending on the illness or injury, more than one different form of treatment may be used. Treatment may include:
- Surgery, such as fusing bones together to increase stability, or replacing a joint
- Medication, such as pain medication or steroids to promote healing
- Casts, splints, or orthotics (devices such as braces or shoe inserts to support the body)
- Physical therapy, a kind of treatment using exercise, stretching, heat, and massage to heal the body
- Exercise, stretching, movement, and use of the affected part
Orthopedic surgeons also work to prevent injuries and slow the progression of disease in their patients. They educate patients on ways to prevent future injuries, and they treat illness in order to prevent further damage to bones or joints that may be affected by disease. The goal of an orthopedic surgeon is to help their patients restore movement and regain an active life.
What is Hip Replacement Surgery?
Hip replacement is a surgical procedure to replace parts of the hip joint that are damaged by disease or injury. It is most often done to treat arthritis, a common condition that causes stiffness and pain in the joints. Surgery is used only after other, less invasive treatments have failed to work.
The type of hip replacement you receive is based on your age and the extent of damage to your hip. The hip joint has two parts: the femoral head, or hip ball, and the acetabulum, or hip socket. The hip ball is located on the upper end of the femur (thigh bone), and the hip socket is part of the pelvis. Depending on whether one or both parts require replacement, you may need one of the following procedures:
- Partial hip replacement, which is generally recommended in the case of hip fractures or other hip injuries. If you are having a partial hip replacement, only the hip ball will be replaced.
- Total hip replacement, which is often used to treat the hip joint when it has become damaged due to arthritis. Both the hip socket and hip ball are replaced.
- Hip resurfacing, which is usually performed for younger patients. A hip resurfacing procedure reshapes the hip ball and only replaces its surface. This preserves more bone and makes future surgeries easier. If you are having a partial hip resurfacing, only the hip ball is resurfaced and replaced. If you are having a total hip resurfacing, the hip socket will be replaced as well.
During hip replacement surgery, an incision is made along the side of the hip. The surgeon may access the joint directly through this incision, or by using small tools and a lighted tube called an arthroscope to see and treat the joint. The diseased tissue is removed, and the bones are smoothed out and fitted with metal ends. The metal pieces may be cemented in place, or they may have a porous structure that encourages bone to grow into them and hold them securely. A smooth plastic cushion is placed between the two bones to replace the cartilage and allow the joint to move freely.
Hip replacement surgery takes one to two hours, and afterwards you may stay in the hospital for several days. When you go home, you will have to use a cane, walker, or crutches at first. You will likely have physical therapy to improve your ability to move with your new hip. After the first few weeks, light exercise such as bike riding or swimming will help you heal, but certain actions, such as climbing stairs or bending over at the waist, may be difficult at first. It will take several weeks before you can drive or return to work. Full recovery may take six to 12 months.