We found 15 providers with an interest in heart problems and who accept Medicaid near Trenton, MI.

Dr. Abedelrahim Ismail Asfour, MD
Specializes in Adult Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology
5400 Fort Street; Suite 110
Trenton, MI
 

Dr. Abedelrahim Asfour specializes in adult cardiology and interventional cardiology and practices in Flat Rock, MI, Trenton, MI, and Dearborn, MI. He graduated from the University of Jordan Faculty of Medicine and then he performed his residency at Henry Ford Hospital. These areas are among his clinical interests: orthostatic hypotension, rheumatic heart disease, and myocarditis. Patient ratings for Dr. Asfour average 4.0 stars out of 5. Dr. Asfour takes Anthem, Cofinity, and Blue Cross/Blue Shield, in addition to other insurance carriers. Dr. Asfour (or staff) speaks the following foreign languages: Arabic and French. His hospital/clinic affiliations include Oakwood Hospital - Southshore, Oakwood Hospital - Wayne, and Henry Ford Health System.

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Relevant Interests: , aortic valve regurgitation, rheumatic heart disease, mitral valve prolapse, heart problems, myocarditis, supraventricular (atrial) arrhythmia, pericarditis, ventricular arrhythmia, heart attack, mitral valve disease, ventricular tachycardia, supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), aortic valve disease, heart palpitations, atrial fibrillation, ventricular fibrillation, atrial septal defect, endocarditis, women's heart disease, mitral stenosis, bacterial endocarditis, cardiomyopathy, aortic stenosis, enlarged heart (cardiomegaly), mitral regurgitation (leaky mitral valve), congenital heart disease, bicuspid aortic valve disease, tachycardia (very fast heart rate), arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats), heart valve disease, heart block, angina, valvular stenosis, atrial flutter, heart failure, bradycardia (very slow heart rate), coronary artery disease, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, tricuspid valve disease

All Interests: Atrial Fibrillation, Stenosis, Women's Heart Disease, Mitral Stenosis, Cardiomyopathy, Aortic ... (Read more)

Dr. Samir A Dabbous, MD
Specializes in Adult Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology, Nuclear Cardiology
19725 Allen Road; Building 2
Brownstown, MI
 

Dr. Samir Dabbous specializes in adult cardiology, interventional cardiology, and nuclear cardiology. He accepts Cofinity, Blue Cross/Blue Shield, Coventry, and more. Before performing his residency at a hospital affiliated with Wayne State University, Dr. Dabbous attended American University of Beirut Faculty of Medicine for medical school. Dr. Dabbous has received the distinction of Detroit Super Doctors. Dr. Dabbous is conversant in Arabic. His hospital/clinic affiliations include Oakwood Hospital - Southshore, Oakwood Hospital - Wayne, and Garden City Hospital.

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Relevant Interests: , coronary artery disease

All Interests: Cardiac Catheterization, Coronary Artery Disease

Dr. Ramachandra Rao Vemuri, MD
Specializes in Adult Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology, Other
13225 Northline Road
Southgate, MI
 

Dr. Ramachandra Vemuri is a cardiologist and interventional cardiologist. His areas of expertise include the following: orthostatic hypotension, rheumatic heart disease, and myocarditis. He is in-network for Cofinity, Blue Cross/Blue Shield, and Self-Pay/Uninsured, in addition to other insurance carriers. After completing medical school at Andhra Medical College and Rangaraya Medical College, Dr. Vemuri performed his residency at Advocate Illinois Masonic Medical Center. In addition to English, Dr. Vemuri speaks Telugu. He is affiliated with Oakwood Hospital - Southshore, Oakwood Hospital - Taylor, and Oakwood Hospital - Dearborn.

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Relevant Interests: , aortic valve regurgitation, rheumatic heart disease, mitral valve prolapse, heart problems, myocarditis, supraventricular (atrial) arrhythmia, pericarditis, ventricular arrhythmia, heart attack, mitral valve disease, ventricular tachycardia, supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), aortic valve disease, heart palpitations, atrial fibrillation, ventricular fibrillation, atrial septal defect, endocarditis, women's heart disease, mitral stenosis, bacterial endocarditis, cardiomyopathy, aortic stenosis, enlarged heart (cardiomegaly), mitral regurgitation (leaky mitral valve), congenital heart disease, bicuspid aortic valve disease, tachycardia (very fast heart rate), arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats), heart valve disease, heart block, angina, valvular stenosis, atrial flutter, heart failure, bradycardia (very slow heart rate), coronary artery disease, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, tricuspid valve disease

All Interests: Atrial Fibrillation, Stenosis, Women's Heart Disease, Mitral Stenosis, Cardiomyopathy, Aortic ... (Read more)

Dr. Joseph Chattahi, MD
Specializes in Adult Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology, Nuclear Cardiology
19725 Allen Road; Suite 100
Brownstown, MI
 

Dr. Joseph Chattahi's specialties are adult cardiology, interventional cardiology, and nuclear cardiology. He practices in Dearborn, MI and Brownstown, MI. His clinical interests include orthostatic hypotension, rheumatic heart disease, and myocarditis. Dr. Chattahi takes Anthem, Blue Cross/Blue Shield, and Coventry, in addition to other insurance carriers. He studied medicine at the University of Damascus Faculty of Medicine. He completed his residency training at Henry Ford Hospital. Dr. Chattahi is affiliated with Oakwood Hospital - Southshore, Oakwood Hospital - Wayne, and Oakwood Hospital - Taylor.

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Relevant Interests: , aortic valve regurgitation, rheumatic heart disease, mitral valve prolapse, heart problems, myocarditis, supraventricular (atrial) arrhythmia, pericarditis, ventricular arrhythmia, heart attack, mitral valve disease, ventricular tachycardia, supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), aortic valve disease, heart palpitations, atrial fibrillation, ventricular fibrillation, atrial septal defect, endocarditis, women's heart disease, mitral stenosis, bacterial endocarditis, cardiomyopathy, aortic stenosis, enlarged heart (cardiomegaly), mitral regurgitation (leaky mitral valve), congenital heart disease, bicuspid aortic valve disease, tachycardia (very fast heart rate), arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats), heart valve disease, heart block, angina, valvular stenosis, atrial flutter, heart failure, bradycardia (very slow heart rate), coronary artery disease, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, tricuspid valve disease

All Interests: Atrial Fibrillation, Stenosis, Women's Heart Disease, Mitral Stenosis, Cardiomyopathy, Aortic ... (Read more)

Dr. Hamid Sattar, MD
Specializes in Adult Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology
19727 Allen Road; Suite 11
Brownstown, MI
 

Dr. Hamid Sattar works as an adult cardiologist and interventional cardiologist. Dr. Sattar (or staff) speaks the following foreign languages: Urdu and Punjabi. Areas of expertise for Dr. Sattar include intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP), orthostatic hypotension, and rheumatic heart disease. He is professionally affiliated with Oakwood Hospital - Southshore, Detroit Medical Center (DMC), and Oakwood Hospital - Taylor. Before completing his residency at a hospital affiliated with Wayne State University, Dr. Sattar attended medical school at Michigan State University College of Human Medicine. Anthem, Cofinity, and Blue Cross/Blue Shield are among the insurance carriers that Dr. Sattar honors.

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Relevant Interests: , aortic valve regurgitation, rheumatic heart disease, mitral valve prolapse, heart problems, myocarditis, supraventricular (atrial) arrhythmia, pericarditis, ventricular arrhythmia, heart attack, mitral valve disease, ventricular tachycardia, supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), aortic valve disease, heart palpitations, atrial fibrillation, ventricular fibrillation, atrial septal defect, endocarditis, women's heart disease, mitral stenosis, bacterial endocarditis, cardiomyopathy, aortic stenosis, enlarged heart (cardiomegaly), mitral regurgitation (leaky mitral valve), congenital heart disease, bicuspid aortic valve disease, tachycardia (very fast heart rate), arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats), heart valve disease, heart block, angina, valvular stenosis, atrial flutter, heart failure, bradycardia (very slow heart rate), coronary artery disease, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, tricuspid valve disease

All Interests: Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump, Atrial Fibrillation, Stenosis, Women's Heart Disease, Mitral Stenosis, ... (Read more)

Dr. Tahir Ibrahim Mohamed, MD
Specializes in Adult Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology
19727 Allen Road; Suite 11
Brownstown, MI
 

Dr. Tahir Mohamed's areas of specialization are adult cardiology and interventional cardiology; he sees patients in Dearborn, MI, Detroit, MI, and Brownstown, MI. His areas of expertise include the following: intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP), orthostatic hypotension, and rheumatic heart disease. Dr. Mohamed is in-network for Anthem, Blue Cross/Blue Shield, and Coventry, as well as other insurance carriers. After attending the University of Khartoum Faculty of Medicine for medical school, he completed his residency training at Oakwood Hospital & Medical Center and a hospital affiliated with the University of Michigan. He is conversant in Arabic. His hospital/clinic affiliations include Oakwood Hospital - Southshore, Detroit Medical Center (DMC), and Oakwood Hospital - Wayne.

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Relevant Interests: , aortic valve regurgitation, rheumatic heart disease, mitral valve prolapse, heart problems, myocarditis, supraventricular (atrial) arrhythmia, pericarditis, ventricular arrhythmia, heart attack, mitral valve disease, ventricular tachycardia, supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), aortic valve disease, heart palpitations, atrial fibrillation, ventricular fibrillation, atrial septal defect, endocarditis, women's heart disease, mitral stenosis, bacterial endocarditis, cardiomyopathy, aortic stenosis, enlarged heart (cardiomegaly), mitral regurgitation (leaky mitral valve), congenital heart disease, bicuspid aortic valve disease, tachycardia (very fast heart rate), arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats), heart valve disease, heart block, angina, valvular stenosis, atrial flutter, heart failure, bradycardia (very slow heart rate), coronary artery disease, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, tricuspid valve disease

All Interests: Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump, Atrial Fibrillation, Stenosis, Women's Heart Disease, Mitral Stenosis, ... (Read more)

Dr. Felix J Rogers, MD, DO
Specializes in Adult Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology
23050 West Road; Suite 150
Brownstown Twp, MI
 

Dr. Felix Rogers specializes in adult cardiology and interventional cardiology and practices in Brownstown, MI, Brownstown Township, MI, and Trenton, MI. He studied medicine at A.T. Still University, Kirksville College of Osteopathic Medicine and Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences (KCUMB), College of Osteopathic Medicine. Dr. Rogers's medical residency was performed at Henry Ford Bi-County Hospital. These areas are among his clinical interests: orthostatic hypotension, rheumatic heart disease, and myocarditis. Dr. Rogers takes Blue Cross/Blue Shield, CIGNA Plans, and Health Alliance Plan (HAP), as well as other insurance carriers. His hospital/clinic affiliations include Oakwood Hospital - Southshore and Henry Ford Health System.

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Relevant Interests: , aortic valve regurgitation, rheumatic heart disease, mitral valve prolapse, heart problems, myocarditis, supraventricular (atrial) arrhythmia, pericarditis, ventricular arrhythmia, heart attack, mitral valve disease, ventricular tachycardia, supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), aortic valve disease, heart palpitations, atrial fibrillation, ventricular fibrillation, atrial septal defect, endocarditis, women's heart disease, mitral stenosis, bacterial endocarditis, cardiomyopathy, aortic stenosis, enlarged heart (cardiomegaly), mitral regurgitation (leaky mitral valve), congenital heart disease, bicuspid aortic valve disease, tachycardia (very fast heart rate), arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats), heart valve disease, heart block, angina, valvular stenosis, atrial flutter, heart failure, bradycardia (very slow heart rate), coronary artery disease, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, tricuspid valve disease

All Interests: Atrial Fibrillation, Stenosis, Women's Heart Disease, Mitral Stenosis, Cardiomyopathy, Aortic ... (Read more)

Dr. Joseph C Rogers, DO
Specializes in Adult Cardiology
23050 West Road; Suite 150
Brownstown Twp, MI
 

Dr. Joseph Rogers practices adult cardiology. Areas of expertise for Dr. Rogers include orthostatic hypotension, rheumatic heart disease, and myocarditis. Dr. Rogers takes Blue Cross/Blue Shield, CIGNA Plans, and Health Alliance Plan (HAP), as well as other insurance carriers. He attended A.T. Still University, Kirksville College of Osteopathic Medicine for medical school and subsequently trained at Henry Ford Bi-County Hospital for residency. Dr. Rogers is affiliated with Oakwood Hospital - Southshore and Henry Ford Health System.

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Relevant Interests: , aortic valve regurgitation, rheumatic heart disease, mitral valve prolapse, heart problems, myocarditis, supraventricular (atrial) arrhythmia, pericarditis, ventricular arrhythmia, heart attack, mitral valve disease, ventricular tachycardia, supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), aortic valve disease, heart palpitations, atrial fibrillation, ventricular fibrillation, atrial septal defect, endocarditis, women's heart disease, mitral stenosis, bacterial endocarditis, cardiomyopathy, aortic stenosis, enlarged heart (cardiomegaly), mitral regurgitation (leaky mitral valve), congenital heart disease, bicuspid aortic valve disease, tachycardia (very fast heart rate), arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats), heart valve disease, heart block, angina, valvular stenosis, atrial flutter, heart failure, bradycardia (very slow heart rate), coronary artery disease, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, tricuspid valve disease

All Interests: Atrial Fibrillation, Stenosis, Women's Heart Disease, Mitral Stenosis, Cardiomyopathy, Aortic ... (Read more)

Dr. Kevin J Berlin, MD, DO
Specializes in Adult Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology
23050 West Road; Suite 120
Brownstown, MI
 

Dr. Kevin Berlin is an adult cardiologist and interventional cardiologist. These areas are among Dr. Berlin's clinical interests: orthostatic hypotension, rheumatic heart disease, and myocarditis. Blue Cross/Blue Shield, CIGNA Plans, and Health Alliance Plan (HAP) are among the insurance carriers that Dr. Berlin honors. He studied medicine at Michigan State University College of Osteopathic Medicine. His medical residency was performed at Riverside Osteopathic Hospital, Trenton. He is affiliated with Oakwood Hospital - Southshore and Henry Ford Health System.

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Relevant Interests: , aortic valve regurgitation, rheumatic heart disease, mitral valve prolapse, heart problems, myocarditis, supraventricular (atrial) arrhythmia, pericarditis, ventricular arrhythmia, heart attack, mitral valve disease, ventricular tachycardia, supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), aortic valve disease, heart palpitations, atrial fibrillation, ventricular fibrillation, atrial septal defect, endocarditis, women's heart disease, mitral stenosis, bacterial endocarditis, cardiomyopathy, aortic stenosis, enlarged heart (cardiomegaly), mitral regurgitation (leaky mitral valve), congenital heart disease, bicuspid aortic valve disease, tachycardia (very fast heart rate), arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats), heart valve disease, heart block, angina, valvular stenosis, atrial flutter, heart failure, bradycardia (very slow heart rate), coronary artery disease, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, tricuspid valve disease

All Interests: Atrial Fibrillation, Stenosis, Women's Heart Disease, Mitral Stenosis, Cardiomyopathy, Aortic ... (Read more)

Dr. Thomas George Gazdecki, DO
Specializes in General Surgery, Vascular Surgery, Thoracic Surgery
2128 W Jefferson Avenue
Trenton, MI
 

Dr. Thomas Gazdecki's medical specialty is general surgery, vascular surgery, and thoracic surgery. These areas are among his clinical interests: coronary artery disease, vascular surgery procedures, and thoracic (chest) surgery procedures. His hospital/clinic affiliations include Oakwood Hospital - Southshore, Detroit Medical Center (DMC), and Henry Ford Health System. Dr. Gazdecki attended medical school at Michigan State University College of Osteopathic Medicine. Dr. Gazdecki's medical residency was performed at Henry Ford Bi-County Hospital and Riverside Osteopathic Hospital, Trenton. He is in-network for Blue Cross/Blue Shield, Self-Pay/Uninsured, and Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Michigan, as well as other insurance carriers.

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Relevant Interests: , coronary artery disease

All Interests: Thoracic Problems, Vascular Surgery Procedures, Surgical Procedures, Thoracic Surgery Procedures, ... (Read more)

Dr. Omar Ali, MD
Specializes in Adult Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology
19727 Allen Road; Suite 11
Brownstown, MI
 

Dr. Omar Ali, who practices in Brownstown, MI, Dearborn, MI, and Detroit, MI, is a medical specialist in adult cardiology and interventional cardiology. In addition to English, Dr. Ali speaks Arabic. His clinical interests include intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP), coronary angiogram, and orthostatic hypotension. His hospital/clinic affiliations include Oakwood Hospital - Southshore, Detroit Medical Center (DMC), and Oakwood Hospital - Wayne. He studied medicine at the University of Khartoum Faculty of Medicine. Dr. Ali's residency was performed at a hospital affiliated with SUNY Downstate Medical Center. He is in-network for several insurance carriers, including Cofinity, Blue Cross/Blue Shield, and Coventry.

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Relevant Interests: , pulmonary valve disease, arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats), heart problems, heart valve disease, angina, pericarditis, heart attack, mitral valve disease, aortic valve disease, heart palpitations, atrial fibrillation, atrial septal defect, heart failure, bacterial endocarditis, cardiomyopathy, aortic stenosis, congenital heart disease, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, coronary artery disease, tricuspid valve disease

All Interests: Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump, Atrial Fibrillation, Peripheral Angiogram, Cardiomyopathy, Aortic ... (Read more)

Dr. Michael A Kalata, DO
Specializes in Adult Cardiology, Nuclear Cardiology
29100 Gateway Road; Suite 300
Flat Rock, MI
 

Dr. Michael Kalata is an adult cardiologist and nuclear cardiology specialist. Areas of expertise for Dr. Kalata include heart valve disease, chest pain, and heart attack. Dr. Kalata accepts Anthem, Blue Cross/Blue Shield, Coventry, and more. Before completing his residency at a hospital affiliated with Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, Dr. Kalata attended medical school at Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine. Dr. Kalata is professionally affiliated with Oakwood Hospital - Southshore, Oakwood Hospital - Dearborn, and Henry Ford Health System.

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Relevant Interests: , heart problems, heart valve disease, heart attack

All Interests: Chest Pain, Heart Valve Disease, Echocardiogram, Cardiac CT, Heart Problems, Heart Attack, Cardiac ... (Read more)

Dr. Raj Anshuman Goswami, MD
Specializes in General Internal Medicine
12701 S Telegraph Road; Suite 103
Taylor, MI
 

Dr. Raj Goswami specializes in general internal medicine. Areas of expertise for Dr. Goswami include immunization (preventive vaccines), medication management, and outpatient care. He is in-network for Blue Cross/Blue Shield, Humana ChoiceCare Network, and CIGNA Plans, in addition to other insurance carriers. He obtained his medical school training at American University of the Caribbean School of Medicine and performed his residency at Oakwood Hospital & Medical Center. In addition to English, Dr. Goswami (or staff) speaks Hindi. Dr. Goswami's hospital/clinic affiliations include Oakwood Hospital - Taylor, Henry Ford Health System, and Oakwood Hospital - Dearborn.

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Relevant Interests: , heart problems

All Interests: Nutrition Issues, Immunization, Medication Management, Research, Outpatient Care, Preventive Care, ... (Read more)

Dr. Narsingh Dass Gupta, MD
Specializes in Adult Cardiology
1660 Kingsway Court
Trenton, MI
 

Dr. Narsingh Gupta is a physician who specializes in adult cardiology. The average patient rating for Dr. Gupta is 2.5 stars out of 5. Areas of expertise for Dr. Gupta include orthostatic hypotension, rheumatic heart disease, and myocarditis. Dr. Gupta is professionally affiliated with Oakwood Hospital - Southshore, Detroit Medical Center (DMC), and Henry Ford Health System. Dr. Gupta is an in-network provider for Blue Cross/Blue Shield, Coventry, Humana ChoiceCare Network, and more. He graduated from Wayne State University School of Medicine and Government Medical College, Amritsar. In addition to English, Dr. Gupta (or staff) speaks Hindi.

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Relevant Interests: , aortic valve regurgitation, rheumatic heart disease, mitral valve prolapse, heart problems, myocarditis, supraventricular (atrial) arrhythmia, pericarditis, ventricular arrhythmia, heart attack, mitral valve disease, ventricular tachycardia, supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), aortic valve disease, heart palpitations, atrial fibrillation, ventricular fibrillation, atrial septal defect, endocarditis, women's heart disease, mitral stenosis, bacterial endocarditis, cardiomyopathy, aortic stenosis, enlarged heart (cardiomegaly), mitral regurgitation (leaky mitral valve), congenital heart disease, bicuspid aortic valve disease, tachycardia (very fast heart rate), arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats), heart valve disease, heart block, angina, valvular stenosis, atrial flutter, heart failure, bradycardia (very slow heart rate), coronary artery disease, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, tricuspid valve disease

All Interests: Atrial Fibrillation, Stenosis, Women's Heart Disease, Mitral Stenosis, Cardiomyopathy, Aortic ... (Read more)

Dr. Nadarajan Janakan, MD, DO
Specializes in Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine, Internal Medicine
3640 Biddle Avenue
Wyandotte, MI
 

Dr. Nadarajan Janakan practices undersea and hyperbaric medicine. His areas of expertise consist of immunization (preventive vaccines), medication management, and outpatient care. Dr. Janakan's professional affiliations include Oakwood Hospital - Southshore, Oakwood Hospital - Wayne, and Oakwood Hospital - Taylor. Amerigroup, Cofinity, and Blue Cross/Blue Shield are among the insurance carriers that Dr. Janakan takes. He attended the University of Colombo Faculty of Medicine and then went on to complete his residency at Coney Island Hospital. He speaks Tamil.

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Relevant Interests: , heart problems

All Interests: Nutrition Issues, Diabetes Management, Immunization, Medication Management, Osteoporosis, ... (Read more)

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What are Heart Problems?

The heart is one of the most important organs in the body. This smooth muscle expands and contracts rhythmically our entire lifetime, pumping blood to our lungs and then to every other cell in our body. When heart problems occur, it becomes difficult for the body to get the nutrients and oxygen it needs via the blood. So while there are a variety of illnesses and disorders that affect the heart, most of them make you feel weak, tired, and short of breath. The most common heart conditions include heart disease, angina, arrhythmia, and valve disorders.

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States for both men and women. This includes coronary artery disease, heart attacks, congestive heart failure, and congenital heart disease. Some conditions, such as genetics, cannot be controlled. But there are many other things you can do to lower your risk for heart disease. Controlling high blood pressure and cholesterol levels, reducing or stopping smoking, exercising more and losing weight if needed, and eating a diet low in sodium can all protect your heart.

Angina is a squeezing type of chest pain that happens when the muscles around your heart don’t get enough oxygen. It can be regular or infrequent. Usually, angina is caused by coronary heart disease. However, not all chest pain is angina. Chest pain can also be caused by a lung infection or panic attack, for example, so it is important to have any sudden pain checked.

Arrhythmia is the word for when the heart beats too fast, too slow, or irregularly with skipped beats. It can feel frightening, and depending on the type it can be dangerous, but in most cases arrhythmia is not serious and can be treated. It is very common, especially in older adults.

Heart valve problems can happen in any one of the the heart’s four valves that keep blood flowing where it needs to go. Babies can be born with problems in their heart valves, or valves can be damaged by infections. The valves can stiffen and become less mobile, or they can stop closing properly and ‘leak’ when the heart beats. Valve problems can usually be repaired surgically.